Otras historias

El autista: un paciente que se autoaísla

francisco_marin
Consulta Dr. Marín
2 de abril de 2012

El 2 de abril se conmemora el Día Internacional del Autismo y desde aquí nos viene a la memoria el personaje interpretado por Dustin Hoffmann en 'Rain Man'.

Los rasgos típicos de un sujeto con esta patología, se podrían detectar en cinco minutos. ¿Sabéis cuales son?

Los síntomas más comunes son los siguientes:

- Un marcado problema a la hora de relacionarse con los demás (lo que denominamos socialización). De ahí que se trate de personas que "viven" aisladas, sin ningún interés por contactar con los demás.

- Un importante merma a la hora de comunicarse. Y no sólo con las palabras (escasas, como podemos imaginar); también en la denominada comunicación no verbal (gestos, actitudes).

- Patrones de conducta muy limitados y repetitivos (hacen pocas cosas, pero de forma repetida indefinidamente).

[Relacionado: ¿Cómo identificamos el autismo?]

Estas limitaciones afectan al rendimiento académico de la persona pese a que el coeficiente intelectual sea normal.

Tampoco suelen tener afectadas las capacidades sensitivas (ven y oyen igual que los demás).

Por otra parte, cabe resaltar que esta patología, cuya causa sigue sin resolverse, se da con más frecuentes en varones.

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